What's New this Week:
CDC announces Zika Virus Travel Advisory
Traveling during Spring Break and worried about Zika Virus?
The CDC has issued several travel advisories including countries in South America, Central America and the Caribbean.
What is Zika virus?
Zika virus infection is a mosquito-borne arboviral disease transmitted to humans by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitoes. The first human case of Zika virus occurred in 1954, and since then, there have been outbreaks in many areas of Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. It has recently spread to Central and South America and the Caribbean.
Locally transmitted Zika virus has not been reported in the United States so far, and reported U.S. cases are associated with travel to a high-risk area. Currently there has been no report of Zika virus infections in Wisconsin travelers. The Aedes species of mosquitoes that can transmit Zika virus is not yet found in Wisconsin.
About 80 percent of people who are infected with Zika virus may not have any symptoms. Illness may develop in 20 percent of infected people within 3 to 7 days after a bite from an infected mosquito. Symptoms are generally mild and can last for several days to a week. Common symptoms of Zika virus infection include fever, rash, joint pain, conjunctivitis (red eyes), muscle pain or headache. Severe symptoms and fatalities are uncommon. There is no vaccine, prophylactic or specific medication treatment for Zika virus illness. Supportive care is recommended.
Zika virus can be transmitted from the mother to the baby during pregnancy. Zika virus infections may be associated with microcephaly (a medical condition in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal because the brain has not developed properly or has stopped growing) and other poor birth outcomes of babies born to infected mothers. Further research is needed to determine the relationship between Zika virus and birth defects, but women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant should exercise caution, consult a doctor to get advice before traveling to high-risk areas, and take precaution to prevent exposure to mosquito bites.How can I protect myself and my family?
Where can I find more information?
Wisconsin Department of Health Zika Information
CDC Zika Virus Website
CDC Travel Advisories
This process includes identifying local factors causing health concerns, recognizing community assets and resources, and mobilizing community resources to improve the health of residents. A community health improvement plan, while targeting local health priorities, is often linked to state and national health priorities. This plan includes statistics on health status, community health needs, and studies of health problems.
Bayfield County Community Health Improvement Plan
Historically, Ashland and Bayfield counties have completed their community health improvement plans (CHIP) together. Ashland and Bayfield counties are very similar - they are both rural counties and demographically comparable. The 2005-2009 CHIP for Ashland and Bayfield counties focused on four areas:
◦ Mental health and related issues
◦ Appropriate nutrition, physical activity, and prevention of obesity
◦ Tobacco use
◦ Environmental health, water quality, and solid waste
After implementing strategies identified in the previous plan for these health focus areas, and evaluation was completed to help measure the effectiveness of the previous initiative.
Click here to view the final version of the Community Health Improvement Plan.